Canada is located at the north end of the American continent. Its territory ranges from the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and to the north to the Arctic Ocean. It occupies nearly half of the North American region as it is the second largest country after Russia. It borders in America to the south, and also to the northwest with its federal state Alaska.
It is known that the area was initially occupied by Inuits. At an archaeological degree, there exists evidence that the first residents who initially arrived at Canada, did so through traversing a land bridge which had formed between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age around 40,000 years ago (More on: eTA Canada ).
History shows that the very first European contact the country got was made thanks to the pursuit created by the Italian John Cabot, who was cruising after the instructions of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot went in to the eastern Canadian coastline and also acquired it for the King. This journey, in conjunction with the succeeding one in 1498, gave England the justification to discover a large number of the eastern part of ??North America; in fact, they subsequently claimed Newfoundland, Cape Breton and also neighboring parts based on the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French traveler, Jacques Cartier, was assigned by King Francisco to make a trip in search of the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to look for riches like all those they had seen in Inca and Aztec territory, in other words, these people were focused on seeking gold above all else, but Cartier only seen “stones and some horrible and sharp rocks” according to what exactly he told in the diary.
Cartier carried on exploring and arrived on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), whose territory he claimed for France. French individuals liked their luxurious monopoly for a few decades, but in 1670 British appeared with the purpose of forging a monopoly of the fur industry, that resulted in a legal discussion among those who had on their side the discussions on land ownership. However, the balance leaned towardsBritain and also France ceded Canada to the English Crown by theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
After that, the federal government passed the Constitutional Law of 1791 that separated the place into two British colonies known as Upper Canada (presently the southern part of Ontario) and Lower Canada (presently the southern area of Quebec). Lower Canada maintained French civil laws, but the two provinces were ruled by the British penal code. Each place had its assigned leader and was able to choose its cabinet or even executive council.
Problems increased since the authorities and its council were English but led a generally French assembly, which created political pressure and also rebellions. The ideas of unification soon appeared however it wasn’t till 1840 that they were brought up as regulation. The two colonies soon joined in the state of Canada, ruled by the completely new Parliament of Canada as being the only legal body.
Finally, it acquired its self-government in 1867 and its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth kingdom. And also, Newfoundland, which was right up until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined up with Canada in 1949.
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